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23rd Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography - 5 to 12 August 2014 Montreal, Quebec, Canada Home Page

General Information

Facts about Montréal


Average Temperature for the month of AUGUST
Average High 24.8° Celsius
Average Low 14.3° Celsius
Number of Days with Bright Sunlight 29
Relative Humidity 6am (%) 86 %
Relative Humidity 3pm (%) 58 %
Number of Days with Humidex >30º Celsius 13
Rainfall 93 mm
Number of Days with Rainfall > 0.2 mm 12
  • January 15, 1957 was the coldest day ever recorded in Montréal when the temperature dipped to -37.8°C.
  • With the mercury soaring to 37.6°C, August 1st, 1975 was the hottest day ever recorded in Montréal.


  • Montréal is 63 Kilometres (39 miles) from the U.S. border.
  • The cities of Toronto, New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Washington are less than two hours away by plane.
  • By car, Montréal is two hours away from Ottawa, two and a half hours from Québec City and five hours from Toronto.


  • Montréal is the second largest francophone city in the world after Paris
  • Montréal is the most bilingual (French-English) metropolis on the North American continent.
  • Approximately 20% of the population is fluent in a third language.


  • Montréal is home to 11 institutions of higher learning, including four major universities:
    • Université de Montréal (French)
    • Université du Québec à Montréal (French)
    • McGill University (English)
    • Concordia University (English)

  • Montréal ranked 1st in North America for the number of university students per capita.
  • Montréal also ranks first in Canada for the number of university degrees awarded to students (includes foreign students).
  • Montréal also ranks first in Canada for the number of university degrees awarded to International students.
  • In 2009, McGill University ranked 18th among the top 200 universities in the world, according to Times Higher Education-QS.  The university also ranked 10th overall for humanities and biomedicine.
  • Montréal is the university research capital of Canada.  It ranks number one in Canada for the number of research centres and for money invested in university research.

Public Safety

  • The low homicide and crime rate in Montréal make the city one of the safest metropolises in North America.


  • In 2009, Montréal ranked 3rd in North America and first in Canada for the number of international conventions that it hosted. 


  • Montréal is Canada's second most popular city after Toronto for the number of visitors that the city welcomes every year.  In 2009, approximately 17,500,000 people came to Montréal, of which 7,000,000 were tourists (stays of 24 hours or longer).


  • Montréal is located at 45° north latitude (just like Venice, Geneva, Lyon and Milan) and 73° west longitude.
  • As the bird flies, the island of Montréal is 50 kilometres long and 16 kilometers wide.

Cultural Diversity

  • Just over 1 in 3 Montrealers is an immigrant.  In fact, the 2006 census revealed that there were approximately 560,000 immigrants on the island of Montréal, or 31 % of the population, compared to 28% in the 2001 census.  In 2006, the immigrant population of the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) was 21%.  In comparison, the immigrant population of the CMA of Toronto and Vancouver was 46% and 40% respectively.
  • Over 80 ethnic groups are represented in the Metropolitan Montréal area.


  • In 2009, the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) of Montréal recorded 3,814,738 residents, making it the 2nd largest CMA in Canada, behind Toronto.


  • Montréal is Canada's nightlife capital.  According to Statistics Canada in 2008, Montréal remains the most popular urban destination of all major Canadian cities with tourists who go to bars and/or discotheques when they travel.  In fact, 36.8% of foreign tourists visit a bar when they come to Montréal, ahead of Québec City (33.2%), Toronto (31.0%) and Vancouver (27.8%).
  • In Montréal's tourist districts, there are 270 bars, an average of 10.3 bars per km2.

Quality of Life

  • In 2010, Montréal ranked 2nd in Lonely Planet's list of the World's 10 Happiest Places.
  • The quality of life that Montréal offers is recognized internationally.  In 2010, Montréal was ranked 21st out of 221 world cities in a quality of life survey conducted by Mercer Human Resources Consulting.  The results of the survey take into account 39 quality of life determinants, specifically the political, economic and sociocultural factors, the environment, public services, transportation and entertainment.


  • Montréal is the city with the largest number of restaurants per resident in all of North America.  In the city's tourist districts, there is an average of 74.3 restaurants per km2.
  • Restaurant-goers in Montréal can choose among 80 different types of national and regional cuisines.
  • Each year, Montréal is host to the Montréal Highlights Festival, which features three components: culture, gourmet food and outdoor lighting/activities.  After only eleven years, the Festival has emerged as one of North America's most important gourmet events, reinforcing Montréal's reputation as a gastronomic destination as well as the enviable reputation of its chefs.

Urban Transportation

  • The Montréal Transit Commission (known by its French acronym, the STM) serves the island of Montréal.  The city's public transportation system consists of five commuter train lines, four metro lines with 68 stations and 1,671 buses, covering 196 routes, including 154 buses with wheelchair access.

Arts and Culture

Montréal is:

  • 200 theatre companies plus the National Theatre School of Canada
  • More than 40 dance companies, inlcuding Les Grands Ballets Canadiens de Montréal.
  • 67 museums that attract close to 5 million visitors annually.
  • 93 record and entertainment companies
  • 98 film and television companies

Underground Pedestrian Network

  • In 2007, National Geographic ranked Montréal's Underground Pedestrian Network number one in its top 10 list of the world's best underground walking "tours".
  • Montréal's RÉSO has 29.7 km of pedestrian walkways, indoor areas and tunnel linking:
    • many business centres;
    • some 1,300 boutiques;
    • 4 383 rooms in 9 hotels
    • banks, offices, dwellings;
    • close to 300 restaurants
    • 3 conference centres and exhibition halls;
    • 19 movie cinemas and a museum
    • 14 pavillons of 3 colleges and universities
    • 10 metro stations
    • 1 arena

Information courtesy of Tourisme Montréal's Montréal is... 2010